Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Unemployment Benefits, Compassion and Racism

"Be kind whenever possible. It is always possible." - The Dalai Lama

In following the news today about congressional debates about extending unemployment benefits, I started looking at the comments posted by readers at the bottoms of the pages. I was pretty appalled at what I read. I have copied some of these quotes and will include them as I write my feelings about this debate:

"TWO YEARS of payments for doing absolutely nothing is "heartless"?? And these oh so generous Liberal Dems want to go for still MORE months of these "heartless" sit at home and collect $ "benefits."
How many YEARS of $ for nothing benefits do taxpayers have to fund before we show "heart"?" 

A couple years ago Newt Gingrich singled out an unemployed mechanic and used him as an example of those lazy, good-for-nothing unemployed people who are leeching the system. I happened to catch an interview with that same man and his family on the news later that day.

To the best of my memory, he had been a mechanic who had been laid off after working for a company for 20 years. He made about $22 an hour, and during that whole time he worked for that company he paid into unemployment insurance. He pointed out, in the interview, that he had a son who would soon be graduating from high school, and if he took an $8 an hour job, they would have to sell their house, cash in the investments they had that were intended for the son's college education, and so forth. He mentioned several times that he had been paying for over 20 years into unemployment insurance. His intention was to use this time to find a job that paid an equivalent amount to what he was being paid so that he would not have to upend his family and their lifestyle. He said that he felt guilty every day he did not work, but that as a skilled laborer, he felt he had a duty to find a job that utilized his skills rather than take a minimum wage job. The story ended on a happy note as he said he had just been hired for a new mechanic job at near his old wage. He expressed his gratitude for having unemployment insurance to fall back on while he searched for a job and saved his way of life.

"Most of us Republicans think it is heartless to give UI handouts to lazy, worthless, fat arses that refuse to work. Just because McDonalds or Walmart pays less than UI, that is no reason not to `man up' and take the job. The unemployed are killing this Country through their lack of a work ethic and laziness. Sitting home, eating candy, watching soaps is not what made America strong" (UI = unemployment insurance.)

Compassion is one of the highest of human attributes. Most faiths are rooted in this concept of compassion. Compassion is derived from the Latin words "comi" - together and "pati" - to suffer. This idea of together feeling sympathy for the suffering of others is a basic element in the functioning of the species. We are an interdependent animal, that require community, shared burden and compassion in order to successfully survive. Yet, we so often lack this and fight among ourselves.

 "ENOUGH with encouraging people to not work. Unemployment insurance lasts for 6 months. PERIOD! Anything more than 6 months is NOT insurance it's Welfare! Call it what it is."
I am so struck by the anger levied at those who are unable to find jobs by members of America's right wing. We have a divided country, and it seems to be divided along lines of compassion. I have a very difficult time understanding where these people who insist people give up their homes and dreams in order to work at minimum wage job come from. And I find it disturbing. What is more, is that many people who criticize the unemployed for being lazy out of one side of their mouths then claim to be religious out of the other side. They call for laws implementing religious doctrine while simultaneously negating the very basis of the religious doctrine through laws they wish to impose. They are calling for all the dogma and none of the heart and purpose of the religion.

"All major religious traditions carry basically the same message, that is love, compassion and forgiveness the important thing is they should be part of our daily lives." - Dalai Lama

This is a serious rift in our society. And while I have no doubt that these people feel compassion for their family members and maybe parishioners at their churches, I am unable to explain how they can generalize this to only a few members of society and not to all members. This 'every man for himself' attitude seems very childish.

Having my roots in the study of psychology, I am always searching for root patterns for the behavior of people. So why would around 50% of the people in the country feel that it is not their responsibility to help others, if they don't know them. Where does this isolationism come from?

"Some people are starting to turn unemployment into a lifestyle and that trend must be reversed. Demands must be put on people continuing to draw unemployment for more than 6 months. That might include mandated skills training, public work projects, etc. to continue receiving this benefit from the taxpayers, that's who has to pick up the bill after the 6 month period. And the longer one is on unemployment then the demands need to increase. This also should be applied to welfare!"

I have known many people who collect welfare and unemployment. Certainly through my job, I encounter many. I have definitely encountered those who sit at home and have found ways to 'milk the system.' But these are the exceptions and not the rule. Most people I know who have benefitted from such 'entitlements' are people to sick to work, or, as is more the case nowadays, who have lost their jobs due to companies being sold, closing or reorganizing. Without a single exception, everyone I have talked to who has been unemployed through such means have said that they would trade being unemployed for working in a second. They feel tremendous guilt and a longing to be giving to society rather than receiving.

"Have any of making those comments about UI BEEN on UI the past couple of years? Have you had to try and find a new job? I'm NOT lazy. I've worked since I was 14 years old. I'm 55 and lost my job to company cutbacks. I don't ask for much…I just want to be able to keep my home and eat. So, unless you've been there, keep your moronic comments to yourself."

There is some number of people that have been brainwashed by the drone of Rush Limbaugh and Fox News (incidentally, both Rush Limbaugh and Bill O'Reilly have been recipients of unemployment benefits...) who have a political agenda of supporting corporations and unseating Democrats at all cost. This can only account for a couple million, albeit very vocal, people. There is some element of the populous who are ignorant, but again, I don't believe this can account for the huge upsurgence of these sorts of people. There is an element of racial hatred, accounting for people who cannot stand having an African-American president, and who, consequently, have taken to heart the whole of the Republican dogma as a means of justifying this deep-rooted prejudice. Unfortunately, I think this accounts for a larger group of people than the others.

"Democrats should be more furious at themselves and their leader Barack Hussein Obama. It is His Failed Policies that have created this non-stop crisis of persistent high unemployment, a decimated housing market, wall street as volatile as a radioactive football and prospects for the future looking pretty bleak. It is Clear the Barack Hussein Obama, our first and last Muslim President needs to go. Time for Real Change in Washington, Change brought by Us (The People)."

So, the quote above points out another American illness - the fact that it is OK to hate Muslims, because they are all terrorists, whereas hating African Americans, overtly, is going too far, even for them. Thanks to the war on terror, we have an identified evil. Thanks, again, Newt Gingrich for renaming our war on terror as a war against Islam. (He did so in a documentary released a couple years ago.)

Is racism such a cancer that people are willing to sacrifice the welfare of many simply to unseat a powerful person who happens to have dark skin? I think the evidence is there. These strange untruths about Mr. Obama continue to run rampant, even after ample evidence has been given that he is not Muslim, that he is an American citizen (He was born in Hawaii, a full-fledged state. John McCain was born in Panama City - not the Canal Zone. He was, according to his birth certificate, born on foreign soil. Of course had he won the election, people would have been regarded as crazy for pouting this out - and certainly, it is widely known that his father was stationed in the Canal Zone, and that Mr. McCain deserve to be treated in every way and an American born citizen. It just goes to show how irrational bigotry is.)

Bigotry is that undesirable part of us that justifies offering compassion to those who are like you, while justifying hatred toward those who are different. That is why people can value their families and members of their churches, and so forth, while despising the neighbor who is Asian, the president, who is African American, all those in the world who are not Christian, people who collect unemployment, and so forth. They can blame the ills of the country on foreigners, especially those here illegally. They can blame the ills of the world on Muslims. Glenn Beck has identified the percentage of Muslims who are terrorists as 10% - and I would very much like to share with you Fareed Zakaria's excellent comment on this: CNN Zakaria. This Glenn Beck comment is both shaping and reflecting the world he lives in. It is a self-feeding machine of fanaticism and racism.

Ultimately, then, the question becomes, how do we develop and spread compassion? There is only one person who I believe can fully answer this, and he is the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet. A little background - The Dalai Lama is the reincarnation of the aspect of Buddha that is associated with compassion. There is much literature available about the Dalai Lama lineage, how he is reincarnated and tested, and so forth. But let me allow him to complete this blog:

Compassion and the Individual

Tenzin Gyatso; The Fourteenth Dalai Lama

The purpose of life
 ONE GREAT QUESTION underlies our experience, whether we think about it consciously or not: What is the purpose of life?  I have considered this question and would like to share my thoughts in the hope that they may be of direct, practical benefit to those who read them.

I believe that the purpose of life is to be happy.  From the moment of birth, every human being wants happiness and does not want suffering.  Neither social conditioning nor education nor ideology affect this.  From the very core of our being, we simply desire contentment.  I don't know whether the universe, with its countless galaxies, stars and planets, has a deeper meaning or not, but at the very least, it is clear that we humans who live on this earth face the task of making a happy life for ourselves.  Therefore, it is important to discover what will bring about the greatest degree of happiness.

How to achieve happiness
For a start, it is possible to divide every kind of happiness and suffering into two main categories: mental and physical.  Of the two, it is the mind that exerts the greatest influence on most of us.  Unless we are either gravely ill or deprived of basic necessities, our physical condition plays a secondary role in life.  If the body is content, we virtually ignore it. The mind, however, registers every event, no matter how small. Hence we should devote our most serious efforts to bringing about mental peace.

From my own limited experience I have found that the greatest degree of inner tranquility comes from the development of love and compassion.

The more we care for the happiness of others, the greater our own sense of well-being becomes. Cultivating a close, warm-hearted feeling for others automatically puts the mind at ease. This helps remove whatever fears or insecurities we may have and gives us the strength to cope with any obstacles we encounter. It is the ultimate source of success in life.

As long as we live in this world we are bound to encounter problems. If, at such times, we lose hope and become discouraged, we diminish our ability to face difficulties. If, on the other hand, we remember that it is not just ourselves but every one who has to undergo suffering, this more realistic perspective will increase our determination and capacity to overcome troubles. Indeed, with this attitude, each new obstacle can be seen as yet another valuable opportunity to improve our mind!

Thus we can strive gradually to become more compassionate, that is we can develop both genuine sympathy for others' suffering and the will to help remove their pain. As a result, our own serenity and inner strength will increase.

Our need for love
Ultimately, the reason why love and compassion bring the greatest happiness is simply that our nature cherishes them above all else. The need for love lies at the very foundation of human existence. It results from the profound interdependence we all share with one another. However capable and skillful an individual may be, left alone, he or she will not survive. However vigorous and independent one may feel during the most prosperous periods of life, when one is sick or very young or very old, one must depend on the support of others.

Inter-dependence, of course, is a fundamental law of nature. Not only higher forms of life but also many of the smallest insects are social beings who, without any religion, law or education, survive by mutual cooperation based on an innate recognition of their interconnectedness. The most subtle level of material phenomena is also governed by interdependence. All phenomena from the planet we inhabit to the oceans, clouds, forests and flowers that surround us, arise in dependence upon subtle patterns of energy. Without their proper interaction, they dissolve and decay.

It is because our own human existence is so dependent on the help of others that our need for love lies at the very foundation of our existence. Therefore we need a genuine sense of responsibility and a sincere concern for the welfare of others.

We have to consider what we human beings really are. We are not like machine-made objects. If we are merely mechanical entities, then machines themselves could alleviate all of our sufferings and fulfill our needs.

However, since we are not solely material creatures, it is a mistake to place all our hopes for happiness on external development alone. Instead, we should consider our origins and nature to discover what we require.

Leaving aside the complex question of the creation and evolution of our universe, we can at least agree that each of us is the product of our own parents. In general, our conception took place not just in the context of sexual desire but from our parents' decision to have a child. Such decisions are founded on responsibility and altruism - the parents compassionate commitment to care of their child until it is able to take care of itself. Thus, from the very moment of our conception, our parents' love is directly in our creation.

Moreover, we are completely dependent upon our mothers' care from the earliest stages of our growth. According to some scientists, a pregnant woman's mental state, be it calm or agitated, has a direct physical effect on her unborn child.

The expression of love is also very important at the time of birth. Since the very first thing we do is suck milk from our mothers' breast, we naturally feel close to her, and she must feel love for us in order to feed us properly; if she feels anger or resentment her milk may not flow freely.

Then there is the critical period of brain development from the time of birth up to at least the age of three or four, during which time loving physical contact is the single most important factor for the normal growth of the child. If the child is not held, hugged, cuddled, or loved, its development will be impaired and its brain will not mature properly.

Since a child cannot survive without the care of others, love is its most important nourishment. The happiness of childhood, the allaying of the child's many fears and the healthy development of its self-confidence all depend directly upon love.

Nowadays, many children grow up in unhappy homes. If they do not receive proper affection, in later life they will rarely love their parents and, not infrequently, will find it hard to love others. This is very sad.

As children grow older and enter school, their need for support must be met by their teachers. If a teacher not only imparts academic education but also assumes responsibility for preparing students for life, his or her pupils will feel trust and respect and what has been taught will leave an indelible impression on their minds. On the other hand, subjects taught by a teacher who does not show true concern for his or her students' overall well-being will be regarded as temporary and not retained for long.

Similarly, if one is sick and being treated in hospital by a doctor who evinces a warm human feeling, one feels at ease and the doctors' desire to give the best possible care is itself curative, irrespective of the degree of his or her technical skill. On the other hand, if one's doctor lacks human feeling and displays an unfriendly expression, impatience or casual disregard, one will feel anxious, even if he or she is the most highly qualified doctor and the disease has been correctly diagnosed and the right medication prescribed. Inevitably, patients' feelings make a difference to the quality and completeness of their recovery.

Even when we engage in ordinary conversation in everyday life, if someone speaks with human feeling we enjoy listening, and respond accordingly; the whole conversation becomes interesting, however unimportant the topic may be. On the other hand, if a person speaks coldly or harshly, we feel uneasy and wish for a quick end to the interaction. From the least to the most important event, the affection and respect of others are vital for our happiness.

Recently I met a group of scientists in America who said that the rate of mental illness in their country was quite high-around twelve percent of the population. It became clear during our discussion that the main cause of depression was not a lack of material necessities but a deprivation of the affection of the others.

So, as you can see from everything I have written so far, one thing seems clear to me: whether or not we are consciously aware of it, from the day we are born, the need for human affection is in our very blood. Even if the affection comes from an animal or someone we would normally consider an enemy, both children and adults will naturally gravitate towards it.

I believe that no one is born free from the need for love. And this demonstrates that, although some modern schools of thought seek to do so, human beings cannot be defined as solely physical. No material object, however beautiful or valuable, can make us feel loved, because our deeper identity and true character lie in the subjective nature of the mind.

Developing compassion
Some of my friends have told me that, while love and compassion are marvelous and good, they are not really very relevant. Our world, they say, is not a place where such beliefs have much influence or power. They claim that anger and hatred are so much a part of human nature that humanity will always be dominated by them. I do not agree.

We humans have existed in our present form for about a hundred-thousand years. I believe that if during this time the human mind had been primarily controlled by anger and hatred, our overall population would have decreased. But today, despite all our wars, we find that the human population is greater than ever. This clearly indicates to me that love and compassion predominate in the world. And this is why unpleasant events are news, compassionate activities are so much part of daily life that they are taken for granted and, therefore, largely ignored.

So far I have been discussing mainly the mental benefits of compassion, but it contributes to good physical health as well, According to my personal experience, mental stability and physical well-being are directly related. Without question, anger and agitation make us more susceptible to illness. On the other hand, if the mind is tranquil and occupied with positive thoughts, the body will not easily fall prey to disease.

But of course it is also true that we all have an innate self-centeredness that inhibits our love for others. So, since we desire the true happiness that is brought about by only a calm mind, and since such peace of mind is brought about by only a compassionate attitude, how can we develop this? Obviously, it is not enough for us simply to think about how nice compassion is! We need to make a concerted effort to develop it; we must use all the events of our daily life to transform our thoughts and behavior.

First of all, we must be clear about what we mean by compassion. Many forms of compassionate feeling are mixed with desire and attachment. For instance, the love parents feel of their child is often strongly associated with their own emotional needs, so it is not fully compassionate. Again, in marriage, the love between husband and wife -  particularly at the beginning, when each partner still may not know the other's deeper character very well - depends more on attachment than genuine love. Our desire can be so strong that the person to whom we are attached appears to be good, when in fact he or she is very negative. In addition, we have a tendency to exaggerate small positive qualities. Thus when one partner's attitude changes, the other partner is often disappointed and his or her attitude changes too. This is an indication that love has been motivated more by personal need than by genuine care for the other individual.

True compassion is not just an emotional response but a firm commitment founded on reason. Therefore, a truly compassionate attitude towards others does not change even if they behave negatively.

Of course, developing this kind of compassion is not at all easy! As a start, let us consider the following facts:
Whether people are beautiful and friendly or unattractive and disruptive, ultimately they are human beings, just like oneself. Like oneself, they want happiness and do not want suffering. Furthermore, their right to overcome suffering and be happy is equal to one's own. Now, when you recognize that all beings are equal in both their desire for happiness and their right to obtain it, you automatically feel empathy and closeness for them. Through accustoming your mind to this sense of universal altruism, you develop a feeling of responsibility for others: the wish to help them actively overcome their problems. Nor is this wish selective; it applies equally to all. As long as they are human beings experiencing pleasure and pain just as you do, there is no logical basis to discriminate between them or to alter your concern for them if they behave negatively.

Let me emphasize that it is within your power, given patience and time, to develop this kind of compassion. Of course, our self-centeredness, our distinctive attachment to the feeling of an independent, self-existent �I�, works fundamentally to inhibit our compassion. Indeed, true compassion can be experienced only when this type of self- grasping is eliminated. But this does not mean that we cannot start and make progress now.

How can we start
We should begin by removing the greatest hindrances to compassion: anger and hatred. As we all know, these are extremely powerful emotions and they can overwhelm our entire mind. Nevertheless, they can be controlled. If, however, they are not, these negative emotions will plague us - with no extra effort on their part! - and impede our quest for the happiness of a loving mind.

So as a start, it is useful to investigate whether or not anger is of value. Sometimes, when we are discouraged by a difficult situation, anger does seem helpful, appearing to bring with it more energy, confidence and determination.

Here, though, we must examine our mental state carefully. While itis true that anger brings extra energy, if we explore the nature of this energy, we discover that it is blind: we cannot be sure whether its result will be positive or negative. This is because anger eclipses the best part of our brain: its rationality. So the energy of anger is almost always unreliable. It can cause an immense amount of destructive, unfortunate behavior. Moreover, if anger increases to the extreme, one becomes like a mad person, acting in ways that are as damaging to oneself as they are to others.

It is possible, however, to develop an equally forceful but far more controlled energy with which to handle difficult situations.

This controlled energy comes not only from a compassionate attitude, but also from reason and patience. These are the most powerful antidotes to anger. Unfortunately, many people misjudge these qualities as signs of weakness. I believe the opposite to be true: that they are the true signs of inner strength. Compassion is by nature gentle, peaceful and soft, but it is very powerful. It is those who easily lose their patience who are insecure and unstable. Thus, to me, the arousal of anger is a direct sign of weakness.

So, when a problem first arises, try to remain humble and maintain a sincere attitude and be concerned that the outcome is fair. Of course, others may try to take advantage of you, and if your remaining detached only encourages unjust aggression, adopt a strong stand, This, however, should be done with compassion, and if it is necessary to express your views and take strong countermeasures, do so without anger or ill-intent.
You should realize that even though your opponents appear to be harming you, in the end, their destructive activity will damage only themselves. In order to check your own selfish impulse to retaliate, you should recall your desire to practice compassion and assume responsibility for helping prevent the other person from suffering the consequences of his or her acts.

Thus, because the measures you employ have been calmly chosen, they will be more effective, more accurate and more forceful. Retaliation based on the blind energy of anger seldom hits the target.

Friends and enemies
I must emphasize again that merely thinking that compassion and reason and patience are good will not be enough to develop them. We must wait for difficulties to arise and then attempt to practice them.

And who creates such opportunities? Not our friends, of course, but our enemies. They are the ones who give us the most trouble, So if we truly wish to learn, we should consider enemies to be our best teacher!

For a person who cherishes compassion and love, the practice of tolerance is essential, and for that, an enemy is indispensable. So we should feel grateful to our enemies, for it is they who can best help us develop a tranquil mind! Also, itis often the case in both personal and public life, that with a change in circumstances, enemies become friends.

So anger and hatred are always harmful, and unless we train our minds and work to reduce their negative force, they will continue to disturb us and disrupt our attempts to develop a calm mind. Anger and hatred are our real enemies. These are the forces we most need to confront and defeat, not the temporary enemies who appear intermittently throughout life.

Of course, it is natural and right that we all want friends. I often joke that if you really want to be selfish, you should be very altruistic! You should take good care of others, be concerned for their welfare, help them, serve them, make more friends, make more smiles, The result? When you yourself need help, you find plenty of helpers! If, on the other hand, you neglect the happiness of others, in the long term you will be the loser. And is friendship produced through quarrels and anger, jealousy and intense competitiveness? I do not think so. Only affection brings us genuine close friends.

In today's materialistic society, if you have money and power, you seem to have many friends. But they are not friends of yours; they are the friends of your money and power. When you lose your wealth and influence, you will find it very difficult to track these people down.

The trouble is that when things in the world go well for us, we become confident that we can manage by ourselves and feel we do not need friends, but as our status and health decline, we quickly realize how wrong we were. That is the moment when we learn who is really helpful and who is completely useless. So to prepare for that moment, to make genuine friends who will help us when the need arises, we ourselves must cultivate altruism!
Though sometimes people laugh when I say it, I myself always want more friends. I love smiles. Because of this I have the problem of knowing how to make more friends and how to get more smiles, in particular, genuine smiles. For there are many kinds of smile, such as sarcastic, artificial or diplomatic smiles. Many smiles produce no feeling of satisfaction, and sometimes they can even create suspicion or fear, can't they? But a genuine smile really gives us a feeling of freshness and is, I believe, unique to human beings. If these are the smiles we want, then we ourselves must create the reasons for them to appear.

Compassion and the world
In conclusion, I would like briefly to expand my thoughts beyond the topic of this short piece and make a wider point: individual happiness can contribute in a profound and effective way to the overall improvement of our entire human community.

Because we all share an identical need for love, it is possible to feel that anybody we meet, in whatever circumstances, is a brother or sister. No matter how new the face or how different the dress and behavior, there is no significant division between us and other people. It is foolish to dwell on external differences, because our basic natures are the same.

Ultimately, humanity is one and this small planet is our only home, If we are to protect this home of ours, each of us needs to experience a vivid sense of universal altruism. It is only this feeling that can remove the self-centered motives that cause people to deceive and misuse one another.

If you have a sincere and open heart, you naturally feel self- worth and confidence, and there is no need to be fearful of others.

I believe that at every level of society - familial, tribal, national and international - the key to a happier and more successful world is the growth of compassion. We do not need to become religious, nor do we need to believe in an ideology. All that is necessary is for each of us to develop our good human qualities.

I try to treat whoever I meet as an old friend. This gives me a genuine feeling of happiness.  It is the practice of compassion. - Dalai Lama

1 comment:

  1. Well put Richard! Made me think of the time we were living in Plattsburg, MO, and I had a dream that revealed the meaning(purpose) of life to me. I woke up to tell Jackie, but since she was asleep, I would tell her in the morning. In the morning, for the life of me, I couldn't remember my dream! Maybe you are moving toward it without it having to be revealed in a dream.